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Personal Pronouns
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了 le (= particle) at the End of a Sentence
Exercise
Negating 了 le (= particle) at the End of a Sentence: 不 bù
Exercise
Comparison of 了 le (= suffix) and 了 le (= particle)
Exercise
以前 yǐqián (= before; lit.: using, before)
过去 guòqù (= in the past; lit.: pass, go)
从前 cóngqián (= before; lit.: from, before)
Exercise
就要 jiùyào (be about to; lit.: right now, want) ....了 le (= particle)
快要 kuàiyào (= soon; lit.: fast, want) .... 了 le (= particle)
Exercise
了 le (= suffix) … 就 jiù (= right now)
Exercise
去了 qù le (= already gone; lit.: go, particle-le)
Exercise

以前 yǐqián (= before; lit.: using, before)
过去 guòqù (= in the past; lit.: pass, go)
从前 cóngqián (= before; lit.: from, before)

 

How could you express: He was big?, without saying: He has become big?

Well, when using an adjective verb, a stative verb or a modal verb, we must use an adverb in order to express the past.

 

Adjective verb

 

qiánxiǎo_
Iusefrontsmall_
I, me, mybefore, formerly, ago, previouslysmall
I used to be small.
Listen:
guòxiǎo_
Ipass bygosmall_
I, me, myin the past, pass by, transfer etc.: to theresmall
I used to be small.
Listen:
cóngqiánxiǎo_
Ifromfrontsmall_
I, me, myin the past, beforesmall
I used to be small.
Listen:

Stative verb

 

qiánshìlǎoshī_
Iusefrontbeoldteacher_
I, me, mybefore, formerly, ago, previouslyto be, correct, yesteacher
I used to be a teacher.
Listen:

Modal verb

 

qiánhuìshuō_
Iusefrontnotmeetsay_
I, me, mybefore, formerly, ago, previouslyno, not, after negative question: yesfuture: will, meet, be able tospeak, say
I couldn't speak.
Listen: