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了 le (= particle) at the End of a Sentence
Exercise
Negating 了 le (= particle) at the End of a Sentence: 不 bù
Exercise
Comparison of 了 le (= suffix) and 了 le (= particle)
Exercise
以前 yǐqián (= before; lit.: using, before)
过去 guòqù (= in the past; lit.: pass, go)
从前 cóngqián (= before; lit.: from, before)
Exercise
就要 jiùyào (be about to; lit.: right now, want) ....了 le (= particle)
快要 kuàiyào (= soon; lit.: fast, want) .... 了 le (= particle)
Exercise
了 le (= suffix) … 就 jiù (= right now)
Exercise
去了 qù le (= already gone; lit.: go, particle-le)
Exercise

Comparison of 了le (= suffix) and 了le (= particle)

 

了 le (= suffix) immediately after the verb only refers to the verb. The sentence is negated with 没 méi or 没有 méi yǒu. When there is a negation, 了 le is omitted.

 

了 le (= particle) at the end of a sentence refers to the entire situation in the sentence. The negation is 不 bù. When there is a negation, 了 le is not omitted.

 

When using adjective verbs, stative verbs or modal verbs, there is no difference in the meaning of the sentences whether 了 le (= suffix) stands right after the verb or as 了 le (= particle) at the end of the sentence. Often the 了 le stands immediately after the verb and at the same time at the end of the sentence.

 

 

了le (= suffix) after the action verb

 

méichī_le_fàn_
henot haveeat_particle_ricefood_
he, him, othernot haveeatgrammatical particle of timecooked rice
He has not eaten rice.
Listen:

了le (= particle) at the end of the sentence

 

chīfànle_
henoteatricefoodparticle_
he, him, otherno, not, after negative question: yeseatcooked ricegrammatical particle of time
He doesn't eat rice anymore.
Listen:

了le (= suffix) after the adjective verb

 

pàngle_
youfatparticle_
youget fatgrammatical particle of time
You have become fat.
Listen:

了le (= particle) at the end of the sentence

 

pàngle_
youfatparticle_
youget fatgrammatical particle of time
You have become fat.
Listen:

了le (= suffix) after the modal verb

 

xuéhuìlekànbào_
hestudymeetparticlelookreport_
he, him, otherstudy, learnfuture: will, meet, be able togrammatical particle of timelook, readreport
He can now read newspapers.
Listen:

了le (= particle) at the end of the sentence

 

xuéhuìkànbàole_
hestudymeetlookreportparticle_
he, him, otherstudy, learnfuture: will, meet, be able tolook, readreportgrammatical particle of time
He can now read newspapers.
Listen: