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过 guò (= suffix): Aspect of Past Experience
Exercise
Negating 过 guò:
没 méi (= not)
没有 méi yǒu (= not have)
Exercise
了 le (= suffix)
Exercise
Action Verb + 了 le (= suffix ): Aspect of Completion
Exercise
Stative Verb +了 le (= suffix): Aspect of Change
Exercise
Adjectiv-Verb + 了 le (= suffix): Aspect of Change
Exercise
Modal Verb +了 le (= suffix): Aspect of Change
Exercise
Negating 了 le (= suffix): 没
méi (= not)
没有 méi yǒu (= not have)
Exercise

Negating 了 le (= suffix):
没 méi (= not)
没有 méi yǒu (= not have)

 

If a sentence with an action verb, a 了 le (= suffix) and therefore with the aspect of completion, is negated, 没 méi (= not) or 没有 méi yǒu (= not have) are used and the 了 le is omitted.

 

Structure: Negation + verb – particle-le

 

méi_yǒu_mǎishū_
Inot have_have_buybook_
I, me, mynot havehave, there isbuybook
I haven't bought a book.
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