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过 guò (= suffix): Aspect of Past Experience
Exercise
Negating 过 guò:
没 méi (= not)
没有 méi yǒu (= not have)
Exercise
了 le (= suffix)
Exercise
Action Verb + 了 le (= suffix ): Aspect of Completion
Exercise
Stative Verb +了 le (= suffix): Aspect of Change
Exercise
Adjectiv-Verb + 了 le (= suffix): Aspect of Change
Exercise
Modal Verb +了 le (= suffix): Aspect of Change
Exercise
Negating 了 le (= suffix): 没
méi (= not)
没有 méi yǒu (= not have)
Exercise

了 le (= suffix) and 了 le (= particle)

 

了 le (= suffix)

了 le (= suffix) can have different meanings depending on which kind of verb it is used with.

 

Action verb + 了 le (= suffix): The action is considered completed.

 

Stative verb, adjective verb or modal verb + 了 le (= suffix): Something has changed and a new state has begun.

 

It is like in English where the aspect of completion doesn't necessarily have to be linked to the past.

 

了 le (= particle)

If 了 le (= particle) stands at the end of a sentence, it is called particle. In this case, 了 le (= particle) always means that the entire situation which is described in the sentence ressembles a change compared to the previous situation.